Arsenal 2021. How the Russian army has been replenished this year

Arsenal 2021. How the Russian army has been replenished this year

Basil Kuchushev

According to the Minister of Defense of the Russian Federation Sergei Shoigu, the combat capabilities of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation have increased by 12.8%. In 2021, over 5 thousand different types of weapons were delivered to the Russian army. In terms of equipment with modern weapons, Russia is the world leader. At the same time, in terms of the size of the military budget, our country is only in ninth place

Country nuclear shield

According to Russian Defense Minister Sergei Shoigu, the level of modernity of Russia’s nuclear triad has been brought to the highest level and amounted to 89.1%. 

Defense Minister of the Russian Federation

According to Sergei Shoigu, the capabilities of the air and naval components of the nuclear triad are also being improved. The aviation strategic nuclear forces were replenished with four modernized strategic missile carriers Tu-95MS.

The next nuclear-powered submarine of the Borey-A project, armed with Bulava ballistic missiles, has been admitted to the Navy.

According to military experts, the new Russian submarine is capable of launching a rocket from under the thickness of the Arctic ice. Ships of the old projects such as “Kalmar” and “Dolphin” for this it was necessary to break the ice with the hull and only then begin preparations for launching missiles. Such a maneuver strongly unmasks the cruiser in preparation for a missile attack. Borey-A belongs to the fourth generation of nuclear-powered ships designed for the Russian Navy.

Ground troops

The ground forces of Russia in 2021 received over 2.4 thousand samples of equipment, including more than 240 modern and modernized T-72B3M, T-80BVM and T-90M “Breakthrough” tanks developed by the Uralvagonzavod concern (UVZ, part of the state corporation Rostec “). “Breakthrough” has a new turret, which differs from the serial one, as well as a more powerful engine and a number of other novelties.

The motorized rifle units are supplied with BMP-3 infantry fighting vehicles, BTR-82A armored personnel carriers and modernized BMP-2 combat vehicles with a Berezhok fighting compartment.

The transition to modern multiple launch rocket systems (MLRS) of the Tornado family is continuing, which are replacing the Smerchi, the outdated Hurricanes and Grads. At present, the Tornado family consists of two systems: the Tornado-G 122 mm MLRS and the Tornado-S 300 mm MLRS. “Adopting a system proven to be highly effective and reliable weapon that meets the modern requirements”, – he said earlier in an interview with Tass Director General of NGO “Alloy” them. A.N. Ganicheva (part of the Tekhnodinamika holding of the Rostec state corporation) Alexander Smirnov.

JSC Uraltransmash, as part of the state defense order, has completed the delivery of 203-mm modernized self-propelled guns 2S7M Malka (a variant of the 2S7 Pion self-propelled gun developed in the 1980s) to the troops. According to the manufacturer, the main purpose of the self-propelled artillery installation is defeat of important targets and enemy targets in the tactical depth of defense behind the front line.

Also this year, Uraltransmash manufactured and delivered to the Ministry of Defense new 2S19M2 Msta-S self-propelled howitzers. According to the press service of the Rostec state corporation, this is a modern combat vehicle, during the development of which special attention was paid to improving the tactical and technical characteristics and increasing the reliability of the installation. 

When creating the 2S19M2 “Msta-S”, the aiming rate of fire was improved to ten rounds per minute and the aiming accuracy was introduced, the fire raid mode was introduced, which allows one gun to hit the target with five shots at once, and then leave the firing position. In addition, the crew living conditions have been improved.

This year, the High-Precision Complexes holding of the Rostec State Corporation handed over to the Russian Ministry of Defense another complex of automated fire control of artillery units 1В198. The complex, the developer and manufacturer of which is JSC VNII Signal, allows performing fire missions, performing anti-fire maneuvers and, in the shortest possible time, identifying and hitting a target sequentially from two or more firing positions with an accuracy of 10 m.

The delivery includes 1В1003 command and observation vehicles based on BTR-80 and 1В1004 command and staff vehicles based on Ural vehicles. The equipment provides full automation of fire control for up to four artillery batteries of various types. The 1В198 complex has been in service with the Russian army for several years.

Press service of the state corporation “Rostec”

At the end of November, the Kalashnikov group of companies supplied the Russian Ministry of Defense with a batch of 9M333 anti-aircraft guided missiles (SAM) for the Strela-10M3 anti-aircraft missile systems (SAM).

According to the Kalashnikov concern, the 9M333 missile is designed to destroy low-flying aircraft and helicopters at any time of the year in conditions of the use of dropped, parachuted and modulated organized optical interference, as well as remotely piloted aircraft and cruise missiles. The missile’s homing head has three modes of operation: photocontrast, infrared and jamming. The missile is capable of hitting targets at a distance of up to 5 thousand m, while the speed of targets can reach 679 m / s, and the flight altitude – from 10 to 3.5 thousand m. 

According to Sergei Shoigu, 151 samples of new and modernized aircraft were delivered to the Aerospace Forces in 2021.

Over 30 types of weapons, including the S-400 Triumph and S-350 Vityaz anti-aircraft missile systems, were received by the air defense and missile defense forces. A separate aviation regiment has been formed, armed with MiG-31IK aircraft with the Dagger hypersonic missile.

According to the Ministry of Defense, in mid-December, the Lipetsk State Center for Training Aviation Personnel and Military Tests of the Russian Ministry of Defense received a batch of the latest Su-35S multipurpose fighters. They have the maximum range of capabilities in air-to-ground and waterborne applications. The Su-35S is distinguished by its high maneuverability, a wide range of weapons, and “intelligent” crew support.

On March 12, the Russian Aerospace Forces received the first MiG-35S fighters. According to Ilya Tarasenko, General Director of RSK MiG, the new multifunctional aircraft can solve reconnaissance, patrolling, and defeat ground and surface targets at long distances, and is capable of operating in high-intensity conflicts. It is a self-contained machine that is less dependent on terrestrial services and is capable of efficient networking. The MiG-35 meets the standards of the 21st century for reliability, repair and upgrades.

In early February 2021, as reported by the press service of the Russian Ministry of Defense, seven new Ka-52 Alligator combat helicopters were delivered to the army aviation regiment of the Southern Military District (YuVO) in the Rostov region. According to experts, the car has better aerodynamic characteristics and is less visible to radars. Its speed and maneuverability has increased. 

According to Sergei Shoigu, in 2021, tests of the Altius-RU UAV, a heavy, long-range, long-range drone, were completed. It is capable of carrying various payloads, including a complex of weapons.

In addition, Russia is improving the capabilities and technologies of control of the Unified Space System (CES), one of the elements of which is the fifth Kupol spacecraft (SC) launched this year. Its main function is to warn about a missile attack.

Fleet replenishment

In 2021, the Russian Navy received three submarines, four surface ships, three coastal missile systems, ten combat boats, 17 ships and support boats, as well as three coastal missile systems. 

On December 21, the nuclear-powered missile cruisers Knyaz Oleg and Novosibirsk – ships of the Yasen-M and Borey-A series – entered the Russian Navy. Russian President Vladimir Putin took part in the ceremony of handing them over to the Navy via video link at the National Defense Control Center. 

“Prince Oleg” and “Novosibirsk” became the 135th and 136th nuclear submarines built on the stocks of “Sevmash”.

They are radically different from the previous generation nuclear submarines and even from the Yasen and Borey cruisers. These are combat vehicles that are equipped with the latest technology. Today we can say with confidence that the nuclear submarines “Knyaz Oleg” and “Novosibirsk” will adequately continue the line of ships of the series, strengthen the combat capability of our country and will successfully perform missions anywhere in the World Ocean.

Press Service of the United Shipbuilding Corporation

“The construction of the large diesel submarine Magadan and the base minesweeper Georgy Kurbatov has been completed ahead of schedule,” Sergei Shoigu noted at an expanded meeting of the Defense Ministry’s collegium.

In 2021, the Russian airborne forces received about 500 units of new and modernized equipment, as well as 13 thousand sets of landing equipment and parachute systems.

In the Arctic, according to the Ministry of Defense, new military bases have been created. The reconstruction of five airfields in the region is also underway.

According to Sergei Shoigu, Russia has managed to come out on top in the world in terms of equipping its army. At the same time, the financial resource remains, more than 258 billion rubles, which will be directed to the supply of high-precision weapons. By 2026, the number of long-range high-precision weapons carriers will increase by 30%, and the number of cruise missiles of various basing types will double.

Courtesy: (TASS)

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