For peaceful purposes

For peaceful purposes

Andrey Kots

The Americans learned how to use transport aircraft as attack aircraft – during an exercise in the Gulf of Mexico, the MC-130J cargo aircraft first hit a surface target with a cruise missile. The Pentagon expects in this way to expand the fleet of carriers of high-precision weapons. About this and other programs of “misuse” of military equipment – in the material of RIA Novosti.
Missile carrier
For the Pentagon, this project is very profitable: the US Air Force has more than half a thousand C-130 and C-17, which can be thrown into battle after minor modifications. These vehicles are ready to take dozens of ammunition on board. And capacious fuel tanks allow you to stay in the air for a very long time.
During tests, a special pallet with ammunition was loaded into the cargo hold of the converted MC-130J. When the vehicle reached the required height and entered the launch area, the container was thrown off the ramp. The cruise missile separated, turned on the engines, performed a mane-uver and rushed towards t-he target. The Air Force es-pecially noted that the am-munition received the flight mission already in the sky.
The Pentagon believes that this program will help in a potential war with China – the Americans tested armed military transport aircraft in a computer simulation of the battle for Taiwan.
Washington is well awa-re that if Beijing decides to return the rebellious island by force, it will use dozens of ships. To destroy them, transports loaded with anti-ship missiles will not even need to enter the enemy air defense zone.
Tons of bombs
They have been experimenting with trucks in Ru-ssia for a long time. Little-known fact: the IL-76 “wo-rkhorse” has bomb racks under its wings. Moreover, the plane is much cheaper than a modern bomber. When the risk of shelling from the ground is low and you do not need to make sharp maneuvers, but you just need to drop the bomb at the right point, the clumsy “truck” will do just fine.
The Seventy-sixths performed such tasks in Afghanistan. As a rule, they flew in tandem with the le-ader bomber, which designated the target, and the tr-ansport aircraft bombed. Il-76 can bring down on the enemy up to 20 tons of de-adly iron. Moreover, amm-unition is dumped not only from under the wing, but al-so from the cargo compartment along special guide rails. This, of course, is not about precision weapons – these aircraft are armed with free-fall ammunition of caliber up to 500 kilograms.
Practical bombing is one of the mandatory elements of crew training. So, in November, the “seventy-sixths” successfully bombed training targets at the Kushalino training ground in the Tver region from a height of only 500 meters. The Ministry of Defense emphasized that in a training battle, the crews used only an onboard sighting and navigation system.
For peaceful purposes
There are also opposite examples of “abnormal use” of military equipment. For example, the Russian Su-34 fighter-bombers, which terrify terrorists in Syria, are helping to fight ice congestion in rivers. Often, one high-explosive fragmentation bomb is enough to free the reservoir from ice captivity.
Artillery was also useful in civilian life. In particular, the specialists of the Elbrus avalanche anti-avalanche detachment open fire from old Soviet guns in order to provoke snow from the pr-oblem slopes. There are re-al rarities in service: for ex-ample, the 100-mm KSM-65 anti-aircraft gun, which was put into operation in 1953. However, in recent y-ears, she rarely shoots – th-ere are few shells left, and new ones are no longer fired. The Americans faced a similar problem as they fo-ught avalanches with recoi-lless guns during World War II. When the ammunit-ion ran out, the slopes had to be fired upon from M60 tanks.
In the USSR, heavy armored vehicles were often used for peaceful purposes after the Great Patriotic War – tens of thousands of tanks were idle in the army. Weapons, communications equipment, armor were dismantled from them, and they worked as tractors or bulldozers in agriculture and at construction sites.
Now in Russia, military equipment in civilian life is practically not used. The exception is fire fighting. The military and the Min-istry of Emergency Situati-ons have several varieties of tanks specially designed for fighting fire. Perhaps the most unusual model – “Impulse-2M”: on the chassis of the serial T-62 instead of a turret – a rotating launcher of 50 guides, like multiple launch rocket systems. The machine fires the fire with special capsules with fire extinguishing powder from a distance of up to 100 meters.
The main advantage over wheeled counterparts is high cross-country ability. To overcome blockages, “Impulse-2M” has a dozer blade. In addition, steel tracks do not melt like car tires. Finally, the tank is much safer for the crew as it can withstand high temperatures.

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