Half-century member

Sergey Strokan

President of the People’s Republic of China Xi Jinping made a keynote speech on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the adoption of the UN resolution on the transfer of China’s place in the world organization, which previously belonged to Taiwan. Xi Jinping spoke about the glorious path that his country has traveled during this time, and outlined his vision of what a world organization should be. UN Secretary General António Guterres congratulated China on the anniversary and called the country “an important pillar of international cooperation.” However, the United States and its allies are of the opposite opinion. Members of the expanding anti-Chinese coalition blame Beijing for mounting pressure on Taiwan, undermining int-ernational law and flexing its muscles in the region.

The half-century anniversary of the UN General Assembly Resolution 2758 (XXVI) “Restoring the Legal Rights of the People’s Republic of China in the United Nations” adopted on October 26, 1971, was celebrated by the Chinese political and business elite on Monday at a solemn meeting in Beijing. They recalled an event that took place half a century ago, talked about the path that China took after granting it membership in the UN, and also assessed the role and place of the UN itself in the modern world.

76 countries, including the USSR, India, Great Britain, and France, voted for the UN resolution transferring to the People’s Republic of China membership in an organization that belonged to the Republic of China in Taiwan. 35 countries headed by the United States opposed, however, Washington could not use its veto right as a permanent member of the UN Security Council: the decision on China’s membership was made not by the Security Council, but by the UN General Assembly, where the veto is not valid during voting.

Eight years later, in 1979, the United States established diplomatic relations with Beijing, but for this Washington had to fulfill Beijing’s indispensable condition – to break off diplomatic relations with Taiwan, where the former Chinese government of the Kuomintang was evacuated with the support of the Americans after the civil war on the mainland.

Half a century after the battles over whether to accept mainland China in the UN instead of island China, President Xi Jinping made a long speech about the modern world order, more similar to the speeches of the UN Secretary General himself.

“We must resolutely defend the authority and status of the UN, and together we must implement genuine multilateralism. International rules can only be established jointly by all 193 UN member states, it is unacceptable for decisions to be made by individual countries or groups of countries, ”Xi Jinping declared.

According to him, “The Chinese people love peace and are well aware of the value of peace and tranquility, China has always adhered to an independent peaceful foreign policy, defended justice, resolutely opposed hegemonism and the politics of brute force.” “From a new historical starting point, China will firmly adhere to the path of peaceful development and always build world peace,” Xi promised.

In turn, United Nations Secretary General António Guterres, in his address on the occasion of the 50th anniversary of the transfer of China’s place in the world organization, including the Security Council, used the same speech patterns as the Chinese leader. “All United Nations member states, including China, a staunch champion of multilateralism, are committed to fulfilling the UN Charter and achieving our common goals of strengthening peace, achieving sustainable growth and development,” said Antonio Gutteris. “Over the past decades, China has become an important donor to the UN and a reliable foundation for international cooperation. The United Nations will remain a loyal partner to the people and government of China in building a more just and sustainable world, ”added the UN Secretary General.

He made it clear once again that China, which has 50 years of experience in the UN membership, has become one of the main guarantors of the functioning of the world organization. Recall that during the aggravation of relations between the United States and the United Nations, which occurred during the reign of the previous US President Donald Trump, Beijing paid its dues regularly and stood up for a multipolar world in which there would be no Western hegemony.

Meanwhile, on the eve of the half-century anniversary of China’s membership in the UN, the Taiwan problem has again aggravated relations between Washington and Beijing.

Last week, US President Joe Biden’s statement on his readiness to defend Taiwan in the event of aggression from China gave rise to the version that the growing confrontation around the island could trigger a direct conflict between the United States and China.

Trying to cool the passions, White House spokeswoman Jen Psaki hastened to assure that no fundamental changes in US policy towards Taiwan have taken place. According to her, Washington sees no reason for the current contradictions to develop into an exchange of blows. In turn, the head of the press service of the US State Department Ned Price confirmed that, while remaining committed to the “one China” policy, the United States “will continue to support Taiwan’s self-defense and oppose any unilateral changes in the status quo.”

It is noteworthy that the transformation of China into one of the main heavyweights of the world organization, one of the big five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council, is paradoxically combined with the growing conflict potential in Beijing’s relations with many neighbors in the Indo-Pacific region. They increasingly accuse China of trying to unfreeze existing regional conflicts and territorial disputes. In this regard, the anti-Chinese coalition of the 21st century turns out to be more influential than the group of states led by the United States, which 50 years ago opposed China’s admission to the UN, but ended up in the minority. One of these states is India, which in 1971 voted for Beijing’s membership in the UN, but today increasingly accuses China of trying to change the status quo.

Meanwhile, on the eve of the 50th anniversary of the country’s membership in the UN, the Chinese naval forces conducted joint maneuvers with the Russian Navy in the western Pacific Ocean.

During the maneuvers, five Chinese and five Russian ships passed through the Tsugaru Strait, separating the Japanese islands of Honshu and Hokkaido.

The passage of foreign military vessels through the Tsugaru Strait is permitted by international law. However, Tokyo drew attention to the fact that this was the first such joint passage of Russian and Chinese warships. After that, last Thursday in the region of the Izu archipelago, one of the Chinese ships and one of the Russian ships took off in the air, one helicopter each.

In response, Japanese Self-Defense Forces fighters were alerted, although Japanese airspace was not violated during helicopter takeoffs.

“The Japanese government is following this activity with great attention. We will continue to make every effort to ensure security in the water area near our country, ”said Deputy Secretary General of the Cabinet of Ministers of the country Yoshihiko Ishizaki on Monday.

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