Chinese President Xi Jinping this week will present a “historic resolution” that is expected to symbolize the 100-year existence of the Chinese Communist Party. During the entire existence of communist China, only two politicians published such documents – Mao Zedong in 1945 and Deng Xiaoping in 1981. Against the background of rumors about Xi’s third term as CCP secretary general, the politician is trying to explain to the people and the party why he should lead the PRC in the 21st century. Whether Xi Jinping will remain in power for life, and whether something can interfere with him – in the material of Gazeta.Ru.
The so-called “Resolution on the Most Important Achievements and Historical Experience of the CPC in a Hundred Years of Struggle” is expected to be presented during the 6th Plenum of the 19th CPC Central Committee, which is being held this week. This document will become a landmark for both the Communist Party and its leader, Xi Jinping.
The document is an analysis of the causes and a series of conclusions about important historical events and personalities that brought the party to the point where it is right now. “One hundred years of struggle” in this case is not just a turnover; in June, the CCP celebrated its centenary, and the event was celebrated on a grand scale.
Significantly, the party’s 100th anniversary falls at a time when 68-year-old Xi Jinping is preparing to take a third term in office, despite the fact that top party leaders in China usually retire at that age.
“On the one hand, Xi Jinping has never announced that he is going to hold leading positions in the party for life. There is a theoretical possibility that he will remain at the helm for two more terms and nominate a successor, but no one knows for sure,
Andrei Karneev, head of the HSE School of Oriental Studies, said in an interview with Gazeta.Ru, adding that perhaps Xi himself does not yet know what will happen next.
From a legal point of view, nothing prevents Xi from being re-elected to a new five-year plan: in 2018, NPC deputies adopted amendments to the country’s constitution and removed the provision according to which the PRC chairman could only hold office for two five-year terms.
Nevertheless, the question of the legitimacy of Xi’s continued rule remained open until recently.
The new resolution can help a politician legitimize his third term in the eyes of fellow party members and ordinary Chinese, said Mikhail Karpov, a sinologist and author of scientific publications on the Chinese economy, in an interview with Gazeta.Ru.
“This document reinforces the leading position of Xi Jinping in the party. In fact, the resolution legitimizes his power and the existing power structure of the party headed by him, “Karpov explained.
According to Korneev, the adoption of the new resolution logically fits into the modern field of ideological work in China. The Chinese establishment is thus trying to put Xi Jinping on a par with two other prominent CCP figures – Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping, the expert explained.
However, assessing the role of Xi Jinping, according to Karpov, is now difficult, since recently in the PRC, the political struggle within the party has intensified.
“It is obvious that Xi has concentrated enormous power in his hands. But unlike Deng Xiaoping and Hu Jintao, he is a less consensus figure for the political establishment, Karpov stressed. “There is no unequivocal consensus about him as a leader.”
When C is moved
Experts interviewed by Gazeta.Ru note that there are a number of factors that could lead to Xi Jinping’s resignation.
Thus, Andrei Korneev recalls that one of the main indicators of effective management within the CPC is rapid economic growth. As long as the leadership provides a successful solution to economic problems, the political situation will remain stable, the expert said. Otherwise, Xi Jinping could resign.
According to Karpov, there are serious opposition forces in China that are trying to prevent the indefinite rule of Xi Jinping.
“There was a sharp exacerbation of the internal party struggle in August. However, by the end of October the situation had stabilized. Inside, a compromise was reached. He was allowed to serve a third term. But there is no talk of indefinite rule, “Karpov said.
In the next five to seven years, “institutionalization of the opposition” is hardly possible in China, Korneev emphasized. Nevertheless, the expert admitted the existence of opposition groups that may discuss a potential resignation behind closed doors.
“The intensification of criticism is possible, but only if a very serious crisis occurs, which will hit the economy and society,” Korneev said.
“He doesn’t suit anyone. He does not suit existentially, but is strong enough. There is no opportunity to throw it off and, probably, there is no need to do it. But he was put within a certain framework, where a compromise was reached, ”Professor Karpov described Xi’s current role.
Outside world and eternal C
Despite the recent aggravation of US-China relations, the Communist Party is aware of the need for dialogue with the West, Karpov said. Therefore, the continued tenure of Xi Jinping as Secretary General is unlikely to lead to an escalation in the foreign policy arena.
“In the course of numerous negotiations at different levels, China and the United States have come to a compromise on many issues,” Karpov said.
Expectations from the aggravation of the US-China confrontation have not yet come true, the expert added, but the situation remains difficult to predict.
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