An atmosphere of uncertainty reigns in and around Afghanistan. The terrorist movement Taliban, banned in Russia, cannot announce the composition of the government, while it was promised to do a few days ago. In addition, it turned out that Friday’s statement by the Taliban about the suppression of the last hotbed of resistance in Panjshir province is not entirely true. Rep-orts continue to come in that the militia of Field Commander Ahmad Mas-soud is on the defensive in the Panjshir Gorge. Meanwhile, the future of Afghanistan will be the main topic of the meeting of the foreign ministers of the G7 countries, in which Russia can also take part.
Inclusiveness for class relatives
Although exactly three weeks have passed since the Taliban took over Kabul, the institutions of state power have not yet been formed. Representatives of the movement constantly postponed the announcement of the composition of the new Cabinet of Ministers and finally promised to do so on Friday, September 3, after namaz. But that did not happen. The next day, one of the most influential people in the Taliban, Abdul Ghani Baradar, told Al Jazeera TV that the composition of the government would be announced “soon,” but did not give a specific date. The Taliban usually respond briefly about what the new government will be like: “inclusive and all-Afghan.”
However, this is far from obvious. For example, if earlier it was assumed that the government would inc-lude members of the Co-ordination Council (created after the seizure of Kabul by the Taliban for a peaceful transition of power): ex-President of Afghanistan Hamid Karzai, former head of the executive branch Abdullah Abdullah and leader of the Islamic Party Gulbeddin Hekmatyar, recently it became clear that there is no certainty on this issue either.
According to the interlocutors of The Financial Times from the Pakistani government, it will be “difficult” to include Mr. Karzai in the new government, and Mr. Abdullah has a higher chances. In turn, several sources immediately reported that both politicians were under house arrest, although the Taliban and the press service of Hamid Karzai denied this.
But the third member of the Coordination Council, Gulbeddin Hekmatyar, is c-learly doing everything to secure his place in the new political system, although he pretends that he does not care.
“We are not very eager to enter the new government,” he told the Turkish agency Anadolu. “ But we will support the Taliban, whatever government they form, without conditions. We are brothers with the Taliban, and there is a consensus between us. “
It is worth noting that in the political career of Mr. Hekmatyar, there were ind-eed episodes when he sp-oke out in support of the Taliban and even Al-Qaeda. In addition, unlike Hamid Karzai and Ashraf Ghani, who initially collaborated with the Americans, Gulbe-ddin Hekmatyar was recognized by Washington as a terrorist who threatens the whole world – along with the founder of the Taliban, Mullah Omar and Osama bin Laden.
“There are no ideological differences between the Taliban and Hekmatyar,” an Afghan official who wished to remain anonymous confirmed to Kommersant. Their goal is the same – extremism and traditionalism in the worst sense of the word. And submission to Islamabad, since they have no other feeder. “
According to the interlocutor of Kommersant, the visit to Kabul by the head of the Pakistani interdepartmental intelligence service ISI Faiz Hamid is also associated with difficulties in forming a government. Ini-tially, the Pakistani media mentioned only one problem that he was going to discuss – the transit of foreigners remaining in Afg-hanistan through Pakistan. However, later it became known about a meeting between Mr. Hamid and Gulbeddin Hekmatyar – just to talk about the future government.
“It can be assumed that the Taliban is under pressure from outside to make the government at least formally inclusive. The situation in Panjshir remains un-clear. And finally, disagreements within the Taliban do exist, ”said a Kommersant source in Afghanistan’s state structures.“ Both win-gs — the military and the diplomatic — are subordinate to the ISI. The Taliban understand that some kind of government, even a transitional one, needs to be formed now so as not to lose control of the state.
However, the Taliban have some successes in establishing a peaceful life. For example, on Saturday, the first passenger flight in three weeks took off from Kabul – to Mazar-i-Sharif, and on Sunday two more – to Herat and Kandahar.
The situation in the Panjshir Gorge, the last hotbed of resistance to the Taliban, remains unclear. On Friday, September 3, the Taliban claimed to have suppressed the resistance and the militia led by Ahmad Massoud surrendered. In Kabul, the Taliban even fired indiscriminately into the air in this regard, as a result of which, according to the Khaama Press, about 70 people were killed and injured, which forced the Taliban to even organize a search for the shooters.
However, there is no conclusive evidence that the province actually fell. On the contrary, fresh photographs of Ahmad Mass-oud appear in the media, in which he visits defensive structures on the outskirts of the center of the pro-vince. This forced the Tali-ban to abandon their previous words and admit: they managed to occupy the four largest districts of the Panj-shir province, but the capital, Bazarak, is still under the control of the militia.
From time to time, sources in the militia report heavy losses allegedly incurred by the Taliban, but it is extremely difficult to verify this information. At the same time, on Sunday evening, Ahmad Massoud on his Facebook page called on the Taliban to heed the declaration of the ulema (theologians) of Afghanistan and to end hostilities, returning to the negotiating table. However, given the difference in the positions of the parties, it is not easy to expect success in such negotiations.
Against the background of general uncertainty, the leading world players are increasingly pointing out that Russia and China can play a significant role in the Afghan settlement. Thus, Japanese Foreign Minister Toshimitsu Motegi said on the air of the NHK TV channel that representatives of Moscow and Beijing would attend the ministerial meeting of the “group of seven” (G7), scheduled for September 8. However, the Russian Foreign Ministry did not confirm this news. “The partners are demonstrating an unsystematic approach,” said the official representative of the department, Maria. “Two days ago, we received signals from Berlin and Paris regarding a certain meeting, but there was no talk of a G7. This was followed by a statement by Tokyo in the context of the G7. All this is taking place against the backdrop of the G7’s different-sized statements on Russia, and then non-participation, then participation in the format. The partners lack a clear understanding of what they want from themselves and the world around them. “